The Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program (BMAP) was developed in the mid-1980s to (1) assess compliance with environmental regulations, (2) identify causes of adverse ecological impacts, (3) provide data for human and ecological risk assessments, and (4) evaluate the effectiveness of remedial actions by documenting ecological recovery. The program uses multiple lines of evidence to evaluate stream recovery; BMAP studies illustrate the importance of using an integrated approach for determining stream health.
Established toxicity testing protocols and conventional ecological surveys are combined with innovative ecotoxicological and biomarker approaches to assess regulatory compliance and ensure protection and restoration.
The focus of BMAP has been on evaluating aquatic sites near Department of Energy (DOE) industrial facilities in Oak Ridge, Tennessee and Paducah, Kentucky, but monitoring programs have also been established at other sites across the nation.
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