|Biomonitoring by BMAP has been conducted in White Oak Creek (WOC) and its tributaries from 1986 to the present, as a condition of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits issued by the EPA and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC, or its predecessors) to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in 1986 and 1996. The ORNL BMAP is funded by ORNL's Office of Environmental Protection (http://oecdwsrv.oecd.ornl.gov/default.htm); additional funding in the past also was provided by the Environmental Restoration Program (CERCLA). The Oak Ridge National Laboratory consists of multiple research facilities that have resulted, over 50 years of operation, in contamination and other negative impacts to the WOC watershed. The BMAP at ORNL has evaluated the effectiveness of various remedial actions and pollution prevention activities, and continues to evaluate whether the effluent limitations established for the ORNL by the TDEC protect the classified uses (e.g., the growth and propogation of aquatic life) of the receiving streams.|
The White Oak Creek drainage basin is located near the southern boundary of the DOE Oak Ridge Reservation and has a drainage area of 16.9 km2. Existing ORNL facilities, waste disposal areas, and construction of new facilities impact WOC. Dams and weirs are evident throughout the watershed, the largest of these resulting in a shallow impoundment called White Oak Lake. Historically, tasks for the ORNL BMAP included monitoring of radiological contamination in biota as well as terrestrial monitoring. The major task-specific results for the ORNL watershed follow.
Note: BMAP site designations refer to the kilometer distance upstream of the stream's mouth (e.g., WCK 1.5 is located nearer the mouth of WOC, WCK 6.8 is located near the stream's headwaters).
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