Lianhong Gu

Lianhong Gu

Terrestrial Water - Carbon Cycles Group
Environmental Sciences Division
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6335
Phone: (865) 241-5925
Fax: (865) 574-2232
lianhong-gu@ornl.gov

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Background/Education

Education

  • PhD, Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1998.
  • MS, Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, 1989.
  • BS, Physics, Xuzhou Teacher’s College, Xuzhou, China, 1986.

Employment

  • Senior R&D Staff Scientist, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 2009 - present.
  • R& Staff Scientist (II, III), Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 2002 - 2009.
  • Project Scientist / Associate Specialist), University of California at Berkeley, Department of Environmental Sciences, Policy and Management, Berkeley, California, 2000 - 2002.
  • Research Associate, University of Virginia, Department of Environmental Sciences, 1998 – 2000.
  • Graduate Research Assistant, University of Virginia, Department of Environmental Sciences, 1995 – 1998.
  • Graduate Research Assistant, University of Maine at Orono, Department of Forest Ecosystem Science, 1994 – 1995.
  • Graduate Research Assistant / Research Associate / Research Assistant Professor, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (formerly Commission for Integrated Survey of Natural Resources), 1986 – 1994.

Technical Skills

Expert knowledge in a number of environmental and meteorological instrumentation such as portable photosynthesis systems, soil chambers, trace gas / isotopic analyzers, sonic and cup anemometers, hygrometers, radiometers, spectro-radiometers, infrared thermometers, leaf area meters, data loggers, etc. Proficient in UNIX and Windows operating systems, C, C++ and Fortran. Familiar with the structure and operation of eddy covariance flux tower systems. Solid knowledge of numerical analysis and statistics. Working knowledge of various software such as MatLab, SigmaPlot. Good experience in large dataset management and analysis. Knowledgeable in solar power systems, electrical and electronic circuit analyses.

Awards/Honors

  • United States Presidential Early Career Award Nominee, 2004
  • The Stanley I. Auerbach Award for Excellence In Environmental Sciences, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2004.
  • World Meteorological Organization Norbert-Gerbier Mumm Award, 2004.
  • Outstanding Early Career Award Finalist, UT-Battelle, 2004
  • Outstanding Graduate Student in Ecology, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, 1997.
  • DuPont Fellowship, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Virginia, 1997.
  • Natural Science Award, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1997.
  • Dean’s Reserve Fellowship, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Virginia, 1996.

Academic Advising/Mentoring

  • Summer Intern
    • Ying Sun, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin
  • Visiting scholars
    • Yuling Fu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, 2009
    • Wenjie Wang, Northeast Forestry University of China, 2010
  • Postdoctoral researchers:
    • Daniel M. Ricciuto, Postdoctoral research associate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2007
    • Shuyong Li, Postdoctoral research associate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2006
    • Bai Yang, Postdoctoral research associate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2004
    • Qing Liu, Postdoctoral research associate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2004 - 2006
  • Postmaster researcher:
    • Jesse Miller, Postmaster research associate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 2006

Professional Affiliation and Academic Services

Frequent panel members / reviewers for NSF, DOE, NASA, and other public or private funding agencies.

  • Sigma Xi
  • American Geophysical Union
  • Ecological Society of America
  • Referee for Nature, BioScience, Ecological Applications, Global Change Biology, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Geophysical Research Letters, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeoscience, Journal of Applied Meteorology, The New Phytologist, Tree Physiology, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, International Journal of Biometeorology, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanographic Technology, Tellus etc. Convener of AGU 2001 Fall Meeting special session.
  • Panel member for DOE Early Career Grants, 2009
  • Oversea Expert to the Chinese Academy of Forestry, 2008
  • Chair, Session on “Climate Variability, Extreme Events and Biospheric Impacts and Feedbacks”, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 2008
  • NASA Carbon Cycle and Ecosystems Panel Member, 2007
  • Reviewer, National Science Foundation, 2006
  • Editorial advisory board, Journal of Integrated Plant Biology, 2005
  • Editorial advisory board, Tree Physiology, 2004
  • Chair, special session "Impacts of Clouds and Aerosols on Terrestrial Carbon and Hydrological Cycles (ICATCH)", Fall Meeting, American Geophysical Union, 2004
  • Organizer, Session on "Technical issues in land surface data assimilation", AmeriFlux Annual Science Meeting, 2005
  • Invited participant, Planning Workshop on the National Phenology Network, National Science Foundation, 2005
  • Invited participant, North American Carbon Program Data Workshop, NASA, 2005
  • Invited participant, North American Carbon Program Midwest Intensive Workshop, NASA/DOE, 2004
  • Panel member, NASA Ecology/ Land Cover/Biodiversity Program, 2003
  • Guest editor, Fluxnet Special Issue, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2002
  • Convener / organizer, special session "Water, energy, and carbon cycles in terrestrial systems: local-scale observations through Fluxnet and other micrometeorological tower sites". Fall Meeting, American Geophysical Union, 2001

Public Outreach

  • Earth 2100, American Broadcasting Company (ABC), 2009
  • Climate War Game in Washington, DC, 2008
  • The ORNL Reporter, June 2005
  • ScienceNow, 28 March, 2003
  • Scientific American, 28 March, 2003
  • New York Times, 22 April, 2003
  • ORNL Review, October, 2003
  • Geotimes Magazine, March 2002
  • NASA Science Top Story News Release, 10 December, 2001

Publications

2010

  • Gu, L., S.G. Pallardy, K. Tu, B.E. Law, S.D. Wullschleger (2010) Reliable estimation of biochemical parameters from C3 leaf photosynthesis-intercellular carbon dioxide response curves. Plant, Cell and Environment (in press).
  • Zhou, B, L Gu, Y Ding, L Shao, Z Wu, X Yang, C Li, Z Li, X Wang, Y Cao, B Zeng, M Yu, M Wang, S Wang, H Sun, A Duan, Y An, X Wang, W Kong (2010) The Great 2008 Chinese ice storm, its socioeconomic-ecological impact, and sustainability lessons learned. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (accepted).
  • Yi, C, D Ricciuto, R Li, J Wolbeck, X Xu, M Nilsson, L Aires, JD Albertson, B Amiro, C Ammann, M Arain, A C de Araujo, M Aubinet, M Aurela, Z Barcza, A Barr, P Berbigier, J Beringer, C Bernhofer, AT Black, PV Bolstad, FC Bosveld, MSJ Broadmeadow, N Buchmann, SP Burns, P Cellier, J Chen, J Chen, P Ciais, R Clement, B D Cook, P S Curtis, D B Dail, K J Davis, E Dellwik, N Delpierre, A R Desai, S Dore, D Dragoni, B G Drake, E Dufrêne, A Dunn, J Elbers, W Eugster, M Falk, C Feigenwinter, L B Flanagan, T Foken, J Frank, J Fuhrer, D Gianelle, A Goldstein, M Goulden, A Granier, T Grünwald, L Gu, etc. (2010) Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and continents. Nature (in review).
  • Yang B, Pallardy SG, Meyers TP, Gu L-H, Hanson PJ, Wullschleger SD, Heuer M, Hosman KP, Riggs JS, Sluss DW (2010) Environmental Controls on Water Use Efficiency during Severe Drought in an OzarkForest in Missouri, USA.  Global Change Biology (in press).
  • Xiao, J., Zhuang, Q., Law, B.E., Chen, J., Baldocchi, D.D., Cook, D.R., Oren, R., Richardson, A.D., Wharton, S., Ma, S., Martin, T.A., Verma, S.B., Suyker, A.E., Scott, R.L., Monson, R.K., Litvak, M., Hollinger, D.Y., Sun, G., Davis, K.J., Bolstad, P.V., Burns, S.P., Curtis, P.S., Drake, B.G., Falk, M., Fischer, M.L., Foster, D.R.,Gu, L., Hadley, J.L., Katul, G.G., Matamala, R., McNulty, S., Meyers, T.P., Munger, J.W., Noormets, A., Oechel, W.C., Paw U, K.T., Schmid, H.P., Starr, G., Torn, M.S., Wofsy, S.C., 2010. A continuous measure of gross primary production for the conterminous U.S. derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux data. Remote Sensing of Environment 114(3): 576-591.
  • Hollinger, D.Y., S.V. Ollinger, A.D. Richardson, T.P. Meyers, D.B. Dail, M.E. Martin, N.A. Scott, T.J. Arkebauer, D.D. Baldocchi, K.L. Clark, P.S. Curtis, K.J. Davis, A.R. Desai, D. Dragoni, M.L. Goulden, L. Gu, G.G. Katul, S.G. Pallardy, K.T. Paw U, H.P. Schmid, P.C. Stoy, A.E. Suyker, and S.B. Verma (2010) Albedo estimates for land surface models and support for a new paradigm based on foliage nitrogen concentration. Global Change Biology 16 (2): 696-710.

2009

  • Xiao, J., Zhuang, Q., Law, B.E., Chen, J., Baldocchi, D.D., Cook, D.R., Oren, R., Richardson, A.D., Wharton, S., Ma, S., Martin, T.A., Verma, S.B., Suyker, A.E., Scott, R.L., Monson, R.K., Litvak, M., Hollinger, D.Y., Sun, G., Davis, K.J., Bolstad, P.V., Burns, S.P., Curtis, P.S., Drake, B.G., Falk, M., Fischer, M.L., Foster, D.R., Gu, L., Hadley, J.L., Katul, G.G., Matamala, R., McNulty, S., Meyers, T.P., Munger, J.W., Noormets, A., Oechel, W.C., Paw U, K.T., Schmid, H.P., Starr, G., Torn, M.S., Wofsy, S.C., 2010. A continuous measure of gross primary production for the conterminous U.S. derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux data. Remote Sensing of Environment 114(3): 576-591.
  • Hollinger, D.Y., S.V. Ollinger, A.D. Richardson, T.P. Meyers, D.B. Dail, M.E. Martin, N.A. Scott, T.J. Arkebauer, D.D. Baldocchi, K.L. Clark, P.S. Curtis, K.J. Davis, A.R. Desai, D. Dragoni, M.L. Goulden, L. Gu, G.G. Katul, S.G. Pallardy, K.T. Paw U, H.P. Schmid, P.C. Stoy, A.E. Suyker, and S.B. Verma (2009) Albedo estimates for land surface models and support for a new paradigm based on foliage nitrogen concentration. Global Change Biology 16 (2): 696-710.
  • van Gorsel, E., N. Delpierre, R. Leuning, A. Black, J. W. Munger, S. Wofsy, M. Aubinet, C. Feigenwinter, J. Beringer, D. Bonal, B. Chen, J. Chen, R. Clement, K. J. Davis, A. Desai, D. Dragoni, S. Etzold, T. Grünwald, L. Gu, B. Heinesch, L. R. Hutyra, W.W.P. Jans, W. Kutsch, B.E. Law, M. Y. Leclerc, I. Mammarella, L. Montagnani, A. Noormets, C. Rebmann, W. Sonia (2009) Estimating nocturnal ecosystem respiration from the vertical turbulent flux and change in storage of CO2. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149: 1919-1930.
  • Román, M.O., C.B. Schaaf, X.Yang, C.E. Woodcock, A.H. Strahler, R.H. Braswell, P.S. Curtis, K.J. Davis, D. Dragoni, M.L. Goulden, L. Gu, D.Y. Hollinger, T.E. Kolb, T. P. Meyers, J.W. Munger, J.L. Privette, A.D. Richardson,T.B. Wilson, and S.C. Wofsy (2009) The MODIS (Collection V005) BRDF/Albedo Product: Assessment of spatial representativeness over forested landscapes. Remote Sensing of Environment 113: 2476-2498.
  • Gu, L., W. M. Post, D. D. Baldocchi, T. A. Black, A. E. Suyker, S.B. Verma, T. Vesala, and S. C. Wofsy (2009) Characterizing the seasonal dynamics of plant community photosynthesis. In: Phenology of Ecosystem Processes: Applications in Global Change Research, A. Noormets, Editor, Springer, New York, 275p.
  • Noormets, A., J. Chen, L. Gu, and A. Desai (2009) The phenology of gross ecosystem productivity and ecosystem respiration in temperate hardwood and conifer chronosequences. In: Phenology of Ecosystem Processes: Applications in Global Change Research, A. Noormets, Editor, Springer, New York, 275p.

2008

  • Gu, L., P.J. Hanson, W.M. Post, D. P. Kaiser, B. Yang, R. Nemani, S. G. Pallardy and T. Meyers. The 2007 eastern US spring freeze: increased cold damage in a warming world? BioScience 58: 253-262, 2008.
  • Gu, L., P. J. Hanson, W. Mac Post, and Q. Liu (2008), A novel approach for identifying the true temperature sensitivity from soil respiration measurements, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB4009, doi:10.1029/2007GB003164.
  • Xiao, J., Zhuang, Q., D. D. Baldocchi, B. E. Law, A. D. Richardson, J. Chen, R. Oren, G. Starr, A. Noormets, S. Ma, S. B. Verma, S. Wharton, S. C. Wofsy, P V. Bolstad, S. P. Burns, D. R. Cook, P. S. Curtis, B. G. Drake, M. Falk, M. L. Fischer, D. R. Foster, L. Gu, J. L. Hadley, D. Y. Hollinger, G. G. Katul, M. Litvak, T. A. Martin, R. Matamala, S. McNulty, T. P. Meyers, R. K. Monson, J. W. Munger, W. C. Oechel, K. T. Paw U, H. P. Schmid, R. L. Scott, G. Sun, A. E. Suyker, M. S. Torn, 2008. Estimation of net ecosystem carbon exchange for the conterminous United States by combining MODIS and AmeriFlux data. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 148: 1827-1847, 2008.
  • Liu, Q., L. Gu, R. E. Dickinson, Y. Tian, L. Zhou, and W. M. Post (2008), Assimilation of satellite reflectance data into a dynamical leaf model to infer seasonally varying leaf areas for climate and carbon models, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D19113, doi:10.1029/2007JD009645.

2007

  • Yang, B., P. J. Hanson, J. S. Riggs, S. G. Pallardy, M. Heuer, K. P. Hosman, T. P. Meyers, S. D. Wullschleger, and L. Gu (2007), Biases of CO2 storage in eddy flux measurements in a forest pertinent to vertical configurations of a profile system and CO2 density averaging, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D20123, doi:10.1029/2006JD008243.
  • Gu, L., T. Meyers, S. G. Pallardy, P. J. Hanson, B. Yang, M. Heuer, K. P. Hosman, Q. Liu, J.S. Riggs, D. Sluss, S. D. Wullschleger, 2007. Influences of biomass heat and biochemical energy storages on the land surface fluxes and radiative temperature. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmosphere 112, D02107, doi:10.1029/2006JD007425.
  • Niyogi, D., H. I. Chang, F. Chen, L. Gu, A. Kumar, S. Menon, R. A. Pielke Sr, 2007. Potential Impacts of Aerosol-Land-Atmosphere Interactions on the Indian Monsoonal Rainfall Characteristics. Natural Hazards, DOI 10.1007/s11069-006-9085-y.
  • Gu, L. 2007. From environmental crisis to national crisis. Journal of Plant Ecology, 31:546-547.
  • Pallardy SG, Gu L, Hanson PJ, Myers TP, Wullschleger SD,Yang B, Riggs JS, Hosman KP, Mark Heuer M (2007) Carbon Dioxide Fluxes in a Central Hardwoods. Oak-hickory Forest Ecosystem.  In Buckley DS and Clatterbuck WK, Eds, Proceedings 15th Central Hardwood Forest Conference, Knoxville, TN February 27–March 1, 2006, United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Southern Research Station, e-General Technical Report SRS–101, pp. 13-20.

2006

  • Liu, Q., N.T. Edwards, W.M. Post, L. Gu, J. Ledford, S. Lenhart, 2006. Temperature-independent diel variation in soil respiration observed from a temperate deciduous forest. Global Change Biology, 12, 2136-2145.
  • Gu, L., T. Meyers, S. G. Pallardy, P. J. Hanson, B. Yang, M. Heuer, K. P. Hosman, J.S. Riggs, D. Sluss, S. D. Wullschleger, 2006. Direct and indirect effects of atmospheric conditions and soil moisture on surface energy partitioning revealed by a prolonged drought at a temperate forest site. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmosphere, D16102, doi:10.1029/2006JD007161.\

2005

  • Gu, L., E.M. Falge, T. Boden, D. D. Baldocchi, T. A. Black, S. R. Saleska, T. Suni, S. B. Verma, T. Vesala, S. C. Wofsy, and L. Xu, 2005. Objective threshold determination for nighttime eddy flux filtering. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 128, 179-197.
  • Baldocchi, D.D., T.A. Black, P. Curtis, E. Falge, J.D. Fuentes, A. Granier, L. Gu, A. Knohl, K. Pilegaard, H.P. Schmid, R. Valentini, K. Wilson, S. Wofsy, L. Xu and S. Yamamoto, 2005. Predicting the Onset of Photosynthesis of Deciduous Forests with Soil Temperature and Climate Data: A Synthesis of FLUXNET Data. International Journal of Biometeorology, DOI: 10.1007/s00484-005-0256-4.

2004

  • Gu, L. W. M. Post, and A. W. King, 2004. Fast labile carbon turnover obscures sensitivity of heterotrophic respiration from soils to temperature: a model analysis, Global Biogeochemical Cycles. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, GB1022, Doi:10.1029/2003gb002119.

2003

  • Gu, L. H., D. D. Baldocchi, S. C. Wofsy, J. W. Munger, J. J. Michalsky, S. P. Urbanski and T. A. Boden, 2003. Response of a deciduous forest to the Mount Pinatubo eruption: Enhanced photosynthesis. Science, 299, 2035-2038.
  • Baldocchi, D. D. and L. Gu, 2003. Multiple ecosystem interactions lead to overall reduced growth in atmospheric CO2 concentration, IGBP Newsletter, 54, 23-24.
  • Gu, L., 2003. Comment on “Climate and management contributions to recent trends in US agricultural yields”. Science, 300, 1505b.
  • Gu, L., W. M. Post, D. Baldocchi, T. A. Black, S. B. Verma, T. Vesala, and S. C. Wofsy, 2003. Phenology of Vegetation Photosynthesis. Chapter 7.2 in Phenology: An Integrated Environmental Science, Mark D. Schwartz, Editor, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 592pp.

2002

  • Baldocchi, D. D., Wilson, K and L. Gu, 2002. How the environment, canopy structure and canopy physiological functioning influence carbon, water and energy fluxes of a temperate broad-leaved deciduous forest – an assessment with the biophysical model CANOAK. Tree Physiology, 22, 1065-1077.
  • Gu, L., D.D. Baldocchi, S. B. Verma, T. A. Black, T. Vesala, E. M. Falge, and P.R. Dowty. 2002. Advantages of diffuse radiation for terrestrial ecosystem productivity. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(D6), DOI 10.1029/2001JD001242.
  • Law, B.E., E. Falge, L. Gu, D. Baldocchi, P. Bakwin, P. Berbigier, K. J. Davis, H. Dolman, M. Falk, J. Fuentes, A. H. Goldstein, A. Granier, A.Grelle, D. Hollinger, I. Janssens, P. Jarvis, N. O. Jensen, G. Katul, Y. Malhi, G. Matteucci, R. Monson, J. W. Munger, W. Oechel, R. Olson, K. Pilegaard, K. T. Paw U, H. Thorgeirsson, R. Valentini, S. Verma, T. Vesala, K. Wilson and S. Wofsy, 2002. Carbon dioxide and water vapor exchange of terrestrial vegetation in response to environment. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 113, 97-120.
  • Gu, L., and D.D. Baldocchi. 2002. Foreword to the Fluxnet Special Issue. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 113, 1-2.

2001

  • Baldocchi, DD, Falge, E, Gu, L., R. Olson, D. Hollinger, S. Running, P. Anthoni, Ch. Bernhofer, K. Davis, J. Fuentes, A. Goldstein, G. Katul, B. Law, X. Lee, Y. Malhi, T. Meyers, J.W. Munger, W. Oechel, K. Pilegaard, H.P. Schmid, R. Valentini, S. Verma, T. Vesala, K. Wilson and S. Wofsy, 2001. FLUXNET: A New Tool to Study the Temporal and Spatial Variability of Ecosystem-Scale Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor and Energy Flux Densities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 2415-2434.
  • Gu, L., D. D. Baldocchi, R. Valentini and R. D. Olson, 2001. FLUXNET integrates studies of terrestrial biosphere – atmosphere exchanges of carbon dioxide, water and energy, Joint BAHC-GEWEX newsletter. GEWEX News 11 (2), 15-17.
  • Gu, L., J. D. Fuentes, M. Garstang, J.T. da Silva, R. Heitz, J. Sigler, and H. H. Shugart, 2001. Cloud modulation of surface solar irradiance at a pasture site in southern Brazil. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 106, 117-129.

2000

  • Gu, L., D. D. Baldocchi, and N. Kiang, 2000. FLUXNET evaluates ‘breathing’ patterns of diverse ecosystems. EOS Transactions of American Geophysical Union, 81 (47), 565, 570.
  • Fuentes, J.D., M. Lerdau, R. Atkinson, D. Baldocchi, J. W. Bottenheim, P. Ciccioli, B. Lamb, C. Geron, L. Gu, A. Guenther, T. D. Sharkey, W. Stockwell, 2000. Biogenic hydrocarbons in the atmospheric boundary layer: a review. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 81, 1537-1576.

1999

  • Gu, L., J. D. Fuentes, H. H. Shugart, R. M. Staebler, and T. A. Black, T.A., 1999. Responses of net ecosystem exchanges of carbon dioxide to changes in cloudiness: results from two North American deciduous forests. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 31421-31434.
  • Gu, L., H.H. Shugart, J.D. Fuentes, T.A. Black and S.R. Shewchuk, 1999. Micrometeorology, biophysical exchanges and NEE decomposition in a two-story boreal forest - Development and test of an integrated model. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 94, 123-148.

1998

  • Fuentes, J.D., D. Wang and L. Gu, 1998. Seasonal variations in isoprene emissions from a boreal aspen forest. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 38, 855-869.
  • Gu, L., 1998. Comments on ‘A practical method for relating scalar concentrations to source distributions in vegetation canopies’ by M.R. Raupach. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 87, 515-524.
  • Maguire, D.A., J.C. Brissette and L. Gu, 1998. Crown structure and growth efficiency of red spruce in uneven-aged, mixed-species stands in Maine, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28, 1233-1240.

Early publications in Chinese literature (before PHD)

1994
  • Gu, L., 1994. Ecological principles of agroforestry systems. In: W. Li and L. Shi (eds.), Agroforestry Systems in China, China Forestry Press, Beijing, China.
  • Gu, L., 1994. Structures of agroforestry systems in China. In: W. Li and L. Shi (eds.), Agroforestry Systems in China, China Forestry Press, Beijing, China.
  • Gu, L., 1994. Dynamic analysis of agroforestry systems. In: W. Li and L. Shi (eds.), Agroforestry Systems in China, China Forestry Press, Beijing, China.

1992

  • Han, S., L. Gu, B. Wang and J. Liu, 1992. Instantaneous state modeling of stemflow process. Journal of Applied Ecology, 3(3):207-214.
  • Gu, L., 1992. A gradient design method for agroforestry experiments, Proceedings of International Conference on Agroforestry in Nanjing, China, pp. 91-102.

1991

  • Gu, L., 1991. The mystery of phyllotaxis. Journal of Nature, 14(3), 213 - 217.