This is a brief description of studies that exemplify the methods and approaches that have been developed and used by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers in conducting integrated assessments. See the complete list of Integrated Assessment Briefs to find out more about ORNL's efforts in integrated assessment. Contact Mike Farrell ( for more information.

Energy Technology Research and Development for Developing Countries

Development activities and interactions of energy technology research are demonstrated in this organization and project flow chart.

How can energy research and development (R&D) for developing countries further such policy objectives as economic and social development, environmental protection, and U.S. export promotion?

The highest priority is technology demonstration to reduce the gap between the technology frontier and technology use in many developing countries. A second priority is technology adaptation to fit available technologies more closely to developing country conditions: cost reduction, more simplicity, and robustness, for example.

U.S. energy technology exports depend on the nation's ability to target these activities on real development conditions and needs.

Fulkerson, W., et al. 1989. Energy technology R&D: What could make a difference. ORNL-6541. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.

Where To?

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Integrated Assessment Briefs. 1995. ORNL/M-4227. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.