Development activities and interactions of energy technology research are demonstrated in this organization and project flow chart.
How can energy research and development (R&D) for developing countries further such policy objectives as economic and social development, environmental protection, and U.S. export promotion?
The highest priority is technology demonstration to reduce the gap between the technology frontier and technology use in many developing countries. A second priority is technology adaptation to fit available technologies more closely to developing country conditions: cost reduction, more simplicity, and robustness, for example.
U.S. energy technology exports depend on the nation's ability to target these activities on real development conditions and needs.
Fulkerson, W., et al. 1989. Energy technology R&D: What could make a difference. ORNL-6541. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.
Integrated Assessment Briefs. 1995. ORNL/M-4227. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.