Relevant Publications:

Adams, S.M. (Editor). 2002. Biological Indicators of Aquatic Ecosystem Stress. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. 600pp.

Adams, S.M., W.R. Hill, M.J. Peterson, M.G. Ryon, J.G. Smith, and A.J. Stewart. In press. Assessing recovery from disturbance in a stream ecosystem: application of multiple chemical and biological endpoints. Ecological Applications.

Adams, S.M. and T.K. Collier. In press. Establishing causality between environmental stressors and effects on aquatic ecosystems. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment.

Adams, S.M. 2001. Biomarker/bioindicator response profiles of organisms can help differentiate between sources of anthropogenic stressors in aquatic ecosystems. Biomarkers 6: 33-44.

Adams, S.M., J.P. Giesy, L.A. Tremblay, and C.T. Easton. 2001. The use of biomarkers in ecological risk assessment: recommendations from the Christchurch conference on biomarkers in ecotoxicology. Biomarkers 6: 1-6.

Adams, S.M. And M.S. Greeley. 2000. Environmental challenges of water-quality assessment:using integrated bioindicators to evaluate aquatic ecosystem health. In: S. Belkin (ed), Environmental challenges. pp. 103-115, Kluwer Academic Pubs., London.

Adams, S.M. 2000.Assessing sources of stress to aquatic ecosystems: Using integrated biomarkers. In: E. Balazs and J.M. Lynch (eds.), Biological resource management:
connecting science and policy. Pp. 17-29, Springer-Verlag.

Adams, S. M. and MS Greeley. 1996. Establishing possible links and relationships between aquatic ecosystem health and human health:An integrated approach. Pgs. 91-102, In: R.T. DiGiulio and E. Monosson (eds.), Interconnections between Human and Ecosystem Health. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Adams, S. M., K.D. Ham, and R.F. LeHew. 1998. A framework for evaluating organism responses to multiple stressors:mechanisms of effect and importance of modifying ecological factors. Pgs 13-22. In: J.J. Cech and B.W. Wilson (eds.), Multiple Stresses in Ecosystems. Lewis Pubs., Boca Raton, FL.

Adams, S.M., J.S. Jaworska, and K.D. Ham. 1996. Influence of ecological factors in evaluating the relationship between MFO induction and fish growth:bridging the gap using neural networks. Marine Environ. Res. 42:197-201.

Adams, S.M., MS Greeley, and M.G. Ryon. 2000. Evaluating effects of stressors on fish health at multiple levels of biological organization: Extrapolating from lower to higher levels. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 6:15-27.

Adams, S.M. 1999. Ecological role of lipids in the health and success of fish populations. In: M.T. Arts and B.C. Wainman (eds.), The ecological role of lipids in freshwater ecosystems. Pp. 132-160. Springer-Verlag.

Adams, S.M., MS Bevelhimer, MS Greeley, D.A. Levine, and S.J. Teh. 1999 ecological risk assessment in a large reservoir: 6. Bioindicators of fish population health. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18:628-640

Adams, S.M. And MS Greeley. 2000. Exotoxicological indicators of water quality: Using multi-response indicators to assess the health of aquatic ecosystems. J. of Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 123:103-115.

Adams, S.M., J.J. Beauchamp, and C.A. Burtis. 1988. A multivariate approach for evaluating responses of fish to chronic pollutant stress. Marine Environ. Research 24:223-226.

Adams, S.M., K.L. Shepard, MS Greeley, B.D. Jimenez, M.G. Ryon, and L.R. Shugart. 1989. The use of bioindicators for assessing the effects of pollutant stress on fish. Marine Environ. Research 28:459-464.

Adams, S.M. 1990. Status and use of bioindicators for evaluating effects of chronic stress on fish. American Fisheries Society Symposium 8:1-8.

Adams, S.M., L.R. Shugart, G.R. Southworth, and D.E. Hinton. 1990. Application of bioindicators in assessing the health of fish populations experiencing contaminant stress. Pgs. 333-353, In: J.F. McCarthy and L.R. Shugart, (eds.), Biomarkers of environmental contamination. Lewis Pub., Boca Raton, FL.

Adams, S.M., W.D. Crumby, MS Greeley, and L.R. Shugart. 1992. Responses of fish populations and communities to pulp mill effluents: a holistic assessment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 24:347-360.

Adams, S.M., W.D. Crumby, MS Greeley, M.G. Ryon, and E.M. Schilling. 1992. Relationships between physiological and fish population responses in a contaminated stream. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 11:1549-1557.

Adams, S.M., A.M. Brown, and R.W. Goede. 1993. A quantitative health assessment index for rapid evaluation of fish condition in the field. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 122:63-73.

Adams, S. M. and M.G. Ryon. 1994. Comparison of health assessment approaches for evaluating the effects of contaminant-related stress on fish populations. J. Aquatic Ecosystem Health 3:15-25.

Adams, S.M., K.D. Ham, and J.J. Beauchamp. 1994. Application of canonical variate analysis in the evaluation and presentation of multivariate biological response data. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 13:1673-1683.
Adams, S.M. 1990. Biological Indicators of Stress in Fish. American Fisheries Society Symposium 8.

Adams, S.M., And M. Power. 1997. Assessing the current status of ecological risk assessment. Environ. Management 21:825-830.

Adams, S.M., MS Greeley, K. D. Ham, R.F. LeHew, and C.F. Saylor. 1996. Downstream gradients in bioindicator responses:Point source contaminant effects on fish health. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53:2177-2187.

Bevelhimer, M.S., V. Alavian, B. Miller, and G. Hauser. 1997. Modeling thermal effects of operational and structural modifications at a hydropower facility on a premier trout stream in southwestern Montana. WaterPower'97: Proceedings of the International Conference on Hydropower 1997(1):40-49.

Bevelhimer, M.S., and W.A. Bennett. 2000. Assessing cumulative thermal stress in fish during chronic intermittent exposure to high temperatures. Environmental Science and Policy 3:211-216.

Bevelhimer, M.S., H.I. Jager, W. Van Winkle. 2001. Malad River trout model: simulations of the effects of minimum flow, entrainment, and passage. Technical report ORNL/TM-2001/144.

Bevelhimer, M.S. 1996. Relative importance of temperature, food, and physical structure to habitat choice by smallmouth bass in laboratory experiments. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125:274-283.

Bevelhimer, M.S., R.A. Stein, and R.F. Carline. 1985. Assessing significance of physiological differences among three esocids with a bioenergetics model. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42:57-69.

Bevelhimer, M.S, and S.M. Adams. 1993. A bioenergetics analysis of diel vertical migration by kokanee salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50:2236-2249.

Bevelhimer, M.S. 1995. Recent advances in contaminant assessment offer proactive alternatives for managing contaminated fisheries. Fisheries 20(12):6-10.

Bevelhimer, M.S. 1995. Recent advances in contaminant assessment offer proactive alternatives for managing contaminated fisheries. Fisheries

Bevelhimer, M.S., and S.M. Adams. 1996. Assessing contaminant distribution and effects in a reservoir fishery. Pages 119-132 in L.E. Miranda and D.R. DeVries, editors. Multidimensional approaches to reservoir fisheries management. American Fisheries Society Symposium 16.

Cadilla, C.L., K.R. Isham, K-L. Lee, L-Y. Ch'ang, A.C. Johnson, and F.T. Kenney. l992. Insulin increases transcription of rat gene 33 through cis-acting elements in 5'-flanking DNA. Gene, 118:223-229

Efroymson, R. A., M. E. Will, and G. W. Suter II. 1997. Toxicological Benchmarks for Contaminants of Potential Concern for Effects on Soil and Litter Invertebrates and Heterotrophic Process: 1997 Revision. ES/ER/TM-126/R2.

Efroymson, R. A., and G. W. Suter II. 2001. Ecological risk assessment framework for low-altitude aircraft overflights: II. Estimating effects on wildlife. Risk Analysis 21:263-274.

Efroymson, R. A., G. W. Suter II, W. H. Rose, and S. Nemeth. 2001. Ecological risk assessment framework for low-altitude aircraft overflights: I. Planning the analysis and estimating exposure. Risk Analysis 21:251-262.

Efroymson, R. A., and D. L. Murphy. 2001. Ecological risk assessment of multimedia hazardous air pollutants: estimating exposure and effects. Sci. Total Environment 274:219-230.

Efroymson, R. A., W. W. Hargrove, M. J. Peterson, D. S. Jones, W. H. Rose, L. Pater, K. Reinbold, and G. W. Suter II. 2001. Demonstration of the Military Ecological Risk Assessment Framework (MERAF): Apache-Longbow-Hellfire Missile Test at Yuma Proving Ground. ORNL/TM-2001/211. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

Efroymson, R. A., B. E. Sample, and G. W. Suter II. 2001. Bioaccumulation of inorganic chemicals from soil by plants: regressions of field data. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 20:2561-2571.

Efroymson, R. A., B. E. Sample, R. J. Luxmoore, L. W. Barnthouse, and F. B. Daniel. 2000. Ecological risk assessment methods for biosolids application in forests. In C. L. Henry, R. B. Harrison, and R. K. Bastian, eds. The Forest Alternative: Principles and Practice of Residuals Use. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Efroymson, R. A., and G. W. Suter II. 1999. Finding a niche for soil microbial toxicity tests in ecological risk assessment. Hum, and Ecol. Risk Assess. 5:715-727.

Efroymson, R. A. 1999. Regulating risk: Oversight of microbial products of biotechnology under the Toxic Substances Control Act. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management 1:329-347.

Efroymson, R. A., and G. W. Suter II. In press, August 1999. Finding a niche for soil microbial toxicity tests in ecological risk assessment. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment.

Garcia, E. F., R. McPherson, T.H. Martin, R. A. Poth and M.S. Greeley, Jr. 1997. Liver cell estrogen receptor binding in prespawning female largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides, environmentally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Arch. Environm. Contam. Toxicol. 22: 309-315.
Greeley, M. S., Jr., P.C. Begovac, and R. A. Wallace 1987. Removal of enveloping follicle cells can trigger resumption of meiotic maturation in Fundulus heteroclitus oocytes. J. Experimental Zool. 244: 177-180.

Greeley, M. S., Jr., D. R. Calder, and R. A. Wallace 1987. Oocyte growth and development during seasonal ovarian recrudescence in the striped mullet (Mugil cephalus): Relationship to fecundity and age at maturity. Fishery Bull. 85: 187-200.

Greeley, M.S., Jr., S.M. Adams, W.D. Crumby, R. Epler, D.L. Harris, K.L. Lee, M.K. McCracken, J.G. Mural, S.L. Niemela, R. McPherson, D.E. Hinton and R. Stripp. 1994. Bioindicator Assessment of Fish Health and Reproductive Success in Lake Hartwell and Twelve Mile Creek. In Biological Investigation for the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study, Sangamo Weston, Inc./Twelve Mile Creek/Lake Hartwell PCB Contamination Superfund Site, Operable Unit Two. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah, GA.

Greeley, M.S., Jr., H. Hols, and R.A. Wallace 1991. Changes in size, hydration, and low molecular weight osmotic effectors during meiotic maturation of Fundulus oocytes in vivo. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 100A: 639-647.

Ham, K.D., S.M. Adams, and M.J. Peterson. 1997. Application of multiple bioindicators to differentiate spatial and temporal variability from the effects of contaminant exposure on fish. Ecotoxicol. and Environ. Saf. 37:53-61.

Jager, H.I., H.E. Cardwell, M.J. Sale, M.S. Bevelhimer, C.C. Coutant, and W. Van Winkle. 1997. Modelling the linkages between flow management and salmon recruitment in rivers. Ecological Modelling 103:171-191.

Jakus, P.M., M. Downing, M.S. Bevelhimer, and J.M. Fly. 1997. Do Sportfish Consumption Advisories Affect Reservoir Anglers' Site Choice- Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 26:196-204.

Johnson, A. C., K-L. Lee, K.R. Isham, and F.T. Kenney. 1988. Gene-specific acquisition of hormonal responsiveness in rat liver during development. J. Cell. Biochem. 37:243-253

Jones, D. S., L. W. Barnthouse, G. W. Suter II, R. A. Efroymson, J. M. Field, and J. J. Beauchamp. 1999. Ecological risk assessment in a large river-reservoir. 3. Benthic invertebrates. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18:599-609.

Lee, K-L., A. Makkinje, L-Y. Ch'ang, and F.T. Kenney. 1989. Molecular cloning and analysis of full length cDNA cognate to a rat gene under multihormonal control. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 269:106-113.

Nadig, S.G., K.L. Lee, and S.M. Adams. 1998. Evaluating alterations of genetic diversity in sunfish populations exposed to
contaminantsusing RAPD assay. Aquatic Toxicol. 43:163-178.
Power, M. and S.M. Adams (editors). 1997. Perspectives of the scientific community on the status of ecological risk assessment. Environ. Management. 21:803-830.

Power, M. and S.M. Adams. 1997. Charlatan or Sage- A dichotomy of views on ecological risk assessment. Environ. Management. 21:803-805.

Rice, C.D., D.H. Kergosien, and S.M. Adams. 1996. Innate immune function as a bioindicator of pollution stress in fish. Ecotoxicol. and Environ. Saf. 33:186-192.

Rothrock, R., K-L. Lee, K.R. Isham, and F.K. Kenney. 1988. Changes in hepatic differentiation following treatment of rat with 5-azacytidine. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 263: 237-244

Rothrock, R., K-L. Lee, K.R. Isham, A.F. Johnson, and F.T. Kenney. 1987. Different mechanism control development activation of transcription of genes subject to identical hormonal regulation in adult liver. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 144:1182-1187

Sample, B. E., G. W. Suter II, J. J. Beauchamp, and R. A. Efroymson. In Press. Literature-derived bioaccumulation models for earthworms: development and validation. Environ. Toxicol. Chem.

Shugart, L.R., S.M. Adams, B.D. Jimenez, S.S. Talmage, and J.F. McCarthy. 1989. Biological markers to study exposure in animals and bioavailability of environmental contaminants. pp.85-97, In: R.G.M. Wang (ed.), Biological monitoring for
pesticide exposure. Amer. Chem. Soc., Wash. D.C.

Southworth, G.R., M.J. Peterson, S.M. Adams, and B.G. Blaylock. 1994. Estimation of appropriate background concentrations for assessing mercury contamination in fish. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 53:211-218.

Suter, G. W. II, R. A. Efroymson, B. E. Sample and D. S. Jones. 2000. Ecological Risk Assessment for Contaminated Sites. CRC/Lewis Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Suter, G. W. II, L. W. Barnthouse, R. A. Efroymson, and H. Jager. 1999. Ecological risk assessment in a large river-reservoir. 2. Fish community. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18:589-598.

Suter, G. W. II, L. W. Barnthouse, R. A. Efroymson, and H. Jager. 1999. Ecological risk assessment in a large river-reservoir. 2. Fish community. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18:589-598.

Teh, S.J., S.M. Adams, and D.E. Hinton. 1997. Histopathologic biomarkers in feral freshwater fish populations exposed to different types of contaminant stress. Aquatic Toxicology 37:51-70.

Tindall, M. H., K-L. Lee, K.R. Isham, C. Cadilla, and F.T. Kenney. 1988. Structure of a multihormonally regulated rat gene. Gene. 71: 413-420

Triebskorn, R., H.R. Kohler, W. Honnen, M. Schramm, S.M. Adams, and E.F. Muller. 1997. Induction of heat shock proteins, changes in liver ultrastructure, and alterations of fish behavior: are these biomarkers related and are they useful to reflect the state of pollution in the field- J. Aquat. Ecosystem Stress and Recovery. 6:57-73.

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