This directory contains FORTRAN code and example input file for the individual based forest ecosystem biogeochemistry model LINKAGES described in the model documentation:

Pastor, J., and W. M. Post. 1985. Development of a linked forest productivity-soil process model. ORNL/TM-9519. Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Other papers describing this forest succession/ecosystem model include:

Pastor, J., and W.M. Post. 1986. Influence of climate, soil moisture, and succession on forest carbon and nitrogen cycles. Biogeochemistry 2:3-27.

Pastor, J., R. H. Gardner, V. H. Dale, and W. M. Post. 1988. Successional changes in nitrogen availability as a potential factor contributing to spruce declines in boreal North America. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17:1394-1400.

Pastor, J., and W. M. Post. 1988. Response of northern forests to CO$_2$-induced climatic change: Dependence on soil water and nitrogen availabilities. Nature 334:55-58.

Post, W. M., J. Pastor, A. W. King, and W. R. Emanuel. 1992. Aspects of the interaction between vegetation and soil under global change. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 64:345-363.

Pastor, J. and W. M. Post 1993. Linear regressions do not predict the transient responses of eastern North American forests to CO$_2$-induced climate change. Climatic Change 23:111-119.

Post, W. M., and J. Pastor 1996. LINKAGES - An individual-based forest ecosystem model. Climatic Change 34:253-261.

More Recent Versions of LINKAGES



Wullschleger SD, Gunderson CA, Tharp ML, Post WM and West DC. 2003. Simulated patterns of forest succession and productivity as a consequence of altered precipitation. pg. 433-446. In P.J. Hanson and S.D. Wullschleger (eds.) North American Temperate Deciduous Forest Responses to Changing Precipitation Regimes. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.



Ranatunga, K., R.J. Keenan, S.D. Wullschleger, W.M. Post, and M.L. Tharp 2008. Aboveground biomass and soil carbon stocks as influenced by harvest management practices in New South Wales, Australia: Simulations with the forest succession model LINKAGES. Forest Ecology and Management 255:2407--2415.

ORNL Environmental Sciences Division / Comments? Mac Post (wmp "at"

Last Modified: July 2006