This is a brief description of studies that exemplify the methods and approaches that have been developed and used by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers in conducting integrated assessments. See the complete list of Integrated Assessment Briefs to find out more about ORNL's efforts in integrated assessment. Contact Mike Farrell ( for more information.

Policy Options to Encourage Private Sector Responses to Climate Change

Government policy options can encourage participation of the private sector in sharing the responsibility of environmental problems.

How can government policy options encourage participation of the private sector in sharing the responsibility of the environmental problems associated with industrial and consumer by-products such as CO2, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), methane, and other greenhouse gases?

Over 160 policy options were identified for consideration for inclusion in policy packages.

Detailed analysis of each option is required before it is adopted into a national policy package.

Six considerations are recommended as particularly relevant: complementarity of instruments, balance of flexibility and effect, demonstrability of effectiveness, linkage to other goals, implications for international trade and foreign policy, and information needs.

Cantor, R., D. Jones, P. Leiby, and S. Rayner. 1989. Policies to encourage private sector responses to potential climate change. pp. 318-28. In A. B. Baker and H. G. Huntington (eds.), Energy Markets in the 1990's and Beyond. International Association for Energy Economics, New York.

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Integrated Assessment Briefs. 1995. ORNL/M-4227. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.