This is a brief description of studies that exemplify the methods and approaches that have been developed and used by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers in conducting integrated assessments. See the complete list of Integrated Assessment Briefs to find out more about ORNL's efforts in integrated assessment. Contact Mike Farrell ( for more information.

Environmental Management in Developing Countries

Predicted carbon dioxide emissions through 2020 are based on environmental management in developing countries.

How can U.S. policy contribute to the improvement of environmental management in developing countries and Eastern Europe without adversely affecting their economic and social development?

The United States and other industrialized countries should set an example in energy and environmental technology use.

Because a developing country's ability to contribute to global environmental management is related to its level of economic development, support for development is a key part of response strategy.

The improvement of energy efficiency will significantly contribute to better management of the global environment.

Strengthening the capabilities of nongovernment organizations in developing countries is key to the international dialogue concerning environmental management strategies.

Wilbanks, T. J., C. Petrich, et al. 1990. Global climate change and the programs of the U.S. Agency for International Development. Report to A.I.D. Washington, D.C.

Wilbanks, T. J. 1990. Implementing environmentally sound power sector strategies in developing countries. Annual Review of Energy (15):255-76.

Where To?

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Integrated Assessment Briefs. 1995. ORNL/M-4227. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.